The act of publishing can be divided into two main types, traditional or self-publishing. Traditional publishing is a method in that authors exchange their rights and control of their work in exchange for money. However, with the development of new technology and the evolution of book self publishing, many different methods have emerged.
Traditional publishers now need to adapt their business models to keep up with these changes. To keep up with changing times and the many types of publishing methods, the publishing industry has had to undergo a paradigm shift. Self-publishing can be used to describe any work that is not published by a traditional publisher.
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Self-publishing used to be a derogatory term in the past. These self-publishers were looked down upon by traditional publishers, reviewers, and critics. This was mainly because there was no editorial screening of the work before publishing. There was no way to control the quality of work published. This led to a lot of trash-styled and unoriginal work being published, which in turn gave rise to self-publishing.
Self-publishing, despite some negative aspects, has seen a shift in publishing paradigms. Walt Whitman, Emily Dickinson, and others were ridiculed during their self-published lives, but loved by everyone after their deaths. Although there will always be purists who believe you must be published elsewhere, the publishing industry continues to evolve. Many writers are now choosing to self-publish their great writing. Many people who may not have been able to publish their work can now do so.